On June 4, 2017 from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. Open-air Museum of Wooden Architecture Vitoslavlitsy invites guests to celebrate Trinity Sunday.
The program of the holiday festivities includes interactive folklore and ethnographic performances, Trinity rites, weaving of Trinity wreaths, colouring of eggs with birch leaves, eggs cooking, dancing with folk groups and games, rural merrymaking and fun, workshops. At the trade rows everyone can buy gifts and souvenirs from Novgorod craftsmen.
Trinity Sunday is one of the most beloved and bright holidays of Russian people. Trinity Sunday (Whit Sunday, Pentecost, Day of the Descent of the Holy Spirit) is one of the Twelve Great Feasts of the Orthodox calendar, celebrated 50 days after Easter, on the 10th day of the Ascension Day. Celebration in honor of the Holy Trinity was legalized by the Church in the IV century. The cult of the Holy Trinity became extremely popular in Russia only in the XIV - XVI centuries, and it is connected with the activity of St. Sergius of Radonezh, the most revered saint among the people. In 1345 in honor of the Holy Trinity St. Sergius consecrated the monastery he founded for the schemamonks who habitually lived in seclusion.
Behind many holidays there is a cult of vegetation, which at this time begins to blossom. For Russians Pentecost is associated with birch, which has become a symbol of Russian nature. On Trinity Sunday Orthodox churches were decorated with fresh greens, worshipers were holding birch twigs and flowers during the service. On growing birches people usually curled branches, twisting them with each other or with flowers, grass, ribbons. Each farmhouse was decorated with a young birch tree and in homes twigs were put by the icon, or put on the shrine. After the holiday, dried twigs served as a protective charm for all ills and misfortunes.
For people the holiday was also often associated with the image of the Mother of God: "Bless the Trinity! Hail Mary!" Therefore Trinity Sunday was considered women’s feast, or rather girlish. On this day the girls wore to church and festivals their best outfits. Traditional girl's decoration on Trinity Sunday was a wreath of flowers and birch twigs, and in the northern regions - hats, embroidered with gold thread and metal plates. There were also special maiden rites, like weaving of wreaths, birch decoration. Holiday always included a meal for the girls, which was arranged jointly, and the main dish was fried eggs.
Saturday before Trinity Day is the day of commemoration of the dead. People used to go to the graves of their relatives and swept them with small brooms made of green birch twigs, sanctified in the church. Souls were also commemorated with painted in green eggs. On the graves people left birch twigs, flowers, crumbled eggs, cakes and grain.
An important part of the holiday festivities were open air celebrations and fairs. After the church service young people went to the streets, sang, danced and met each other.