The representative of romanticism in russian fine art is Vasiliy Andreevich Tropinin (1776-1857), the master of portrait painting. Serf artist by birth, he was born in Karpovka village, in Novgorod province and only in 1823, being famous by that time, he was released from serfdom. His art attracts with its natural and colloquial tones. He got closer to the opening of a new theme for the art of the 19th century, the theme of national character and peasant life. Later this theme was developed by A.G. Venetsianov, and then by his followers.
Interesting fusion of academism and romanticism is presented in the works of Karl Pavlovich Bryullov. There are several works created by the artist in the collection of Novgorod Museum. The «Portrait of the poet and the translator Alexander Nikolayevich Strugovschikov» (1840s) will attract your attention. The elusive mystery is in the image created by the artist.
Romantic trend of russian painting is connected with the name of Russian marine painter Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (1817 - 1900). Aivazovsky is a follower of the Russian artist M.N. Vorobyov and French marine painter F. Tanner. In the 1840's, when he was a little more than 20 years old, the artist won the world fame. The peculiarity of Aivazovsky`s work is in the depiction of immense greatness and the wild power of the sea, of fiery sunsets, playing on the waves of the moonlight. The early and late works of Aivazovsky are exhibited in the Novgorod Museum, among which: «Night in Ukraine», «Troika in the wilderness» (1865), «The Sea with pink clouds» (1870 – 1890s) «Sea view» (1870-1890s) and etc.
Ivan Aivazovsky was on good terms with many Russian Itinerants. The new artistic association - Association of traveling art exhibitions - emerged in the seventies of the 19th century on the initiative of the GG. Myasoedov, N.N. Ge, V.G. Perov. Very soon it became the largest art life center of Russia and the stronghold of a new realistic trend of painting. Artists of the new trend reached a great success in the genre of psychological portrait. The pictures of Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy (1837-1887): «The portrait of an unknown lady» (1884) and «The portrait of Prince A.I. Vasilchikov (1878), are exhibited in the Museum of fine arts, which you would like to see again and again.
You can get acquainted in the museum with the works of the talented landscape Itinerant-painter, the classical author of national painting Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin (1832-1898). The artist revealed a new theme for russian art - russian forest, which thanks to the pictures of the artist became a symbolic image of Russia. The Shishkin`s contemporary V.V. Stasov wrote about the artist: «Shishkin is the national artist. During all his life he explored russian, mainly Northern forest, russian tree, russian thicket, russian wilderness. It is his Kingdom, and he has no challengers here, he is the only one». His painting «Apiary in the woods» (1876) is exhibited at the exposition.
There is a rapid process of development of landscape painting in the seventies, enriching it with new talents. The Archip Ivanovich Kuindzhi`s works are becoming popular. Unlike Shishkin (the artist of the realistic trend), romantic perception of the nature is typical for Kuindzhi. The master of light, using light effects and its color contrasts, he managed to create almost a complete illusion of light. The small, but valuable picture A. Kuindzhi «Pink cloud» is exhibited at the exposition.
At the end of the 19th century there is a new creative Association «World of art» in Russia. The founders of the Association were an artist A. N. Benoit and a theatre worker S. P. Diaghilev. The centre figures of the «World of art» were the graduates of the gymnasium К.I.Маy. The Association consisted of artists L. S. Bakst, M. V. Dobuzhinsky, E. E. Lansere, A. P. Ostroumova-Lebedeva and K. A. Somov. Such painters, as I. Y. Bilibin, A. Y. Golovin, I. E. Grabar, K. A. Korovin, B. M. Kustodiyev, N. K. Roerich, V. A. Serov, M. A. Vrubel, I. I. Levitan, M. V. Nesterov were close to the «World of art».
The works of many artists, who belonged to the new creative Association or were close to it, are exhibited at the exposition. The «Portrait of Lyudmila Anatolyevna Mamontova» (1894, canvas, oil painting) painted by Valentin Serov (1865-1911), the works of «a master of a landscape mood» of Isaac Ilyich Levitan: «Landscape with moon» (1897), «Lesnye Dali» (1880-1890s.)
The search for identity and appeal to the fairy-tale and religious themes is typical for the artists of the turn of the century, the work of Mikhail Vasilyevich Nesterov (1862-1942) (his most famous work is «Lad Bartholomew`s vision») is presented by a picture «The Annunciation» in the Novgorod Museum, and the work of Victor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov (1848-1926) is presented by a picture «Guslyary» (1901).
There is a picture of Russian artist Mikhail Alexandrovich Vrubel (1856-1910) in the centre of the hall, the most influential representative of symbolism and art Nouveau style in russian fine art, the sculptural work «Volkhov», made with the «majolica» technique. Majolica is a variety of ceramics, which is made of baked clay with the use of painted glaze.