The heart of Veliky Novgorod has always been the Kremlin, or Detinets, as they called it in old times.
The building of Novgorod fortress is first mentioned in chronicles around 1044. For centuries the Kremlin functioned as an administrative, civic and religious center of Novgorod Land. The stone fortress was rebuilt under Ivan the Third in the late 15th century according to the fortification demands of that time. These days the Kremlin still astonishes its visitors with its thoroughly planned strength and defensibility. Nine out of twelve original towers have been preserved till these days. Kokuy tower is the tallest one, being 41 m high. In summer time it is open daily, except Monday and Thursday. Hours: 11am – 2pm, 3pm - 7pm. The viewing point provides a bird’s-eye view of the Kremlin, Yaroslav’s Courtyard, the Volkhov River, and St. George Monastery at the source of Volkhov.