The Novgorod Kremlin, or Detinets, as it was called in Novgorod in old times, is the most ancient out of the preserved Kremlins in Russia (it is first mentioned in the chronicle of 1044). It was founded by Prince Yaroslav.
The Kremlin was an administrative, a social and a religious centre of Novgorod. Veche, elections of a posadnik were held here. From this place, squads of Alexander Nevsky marched out to the battle with the Swedes. Novgorod walls protected the main Cathedral of St.Sophia and the residence of the Archbishop of Novgorod. It was the Kremlin where the chronicles were kept and books were collected and copied.
The best way to admire the walls of the Novgorod Kremlin is to come nearer to it along the Volkhov river from Lake Ilmen. From the Settlement you can see red and brick towers and walls of the fortress. The fortification near the settlement, built in the X century began to call the New City – Novgorod. The Kremlin, which is very beautiful in all weather, seemed to soar over the modern building. Bell ringing that covers tens of kilometers by the water, contributes to a sense of fabulousness. Approaching the Kremlin you begin to see the details: loopholes of towers and merlons of the walls, ancient and rather new buildings.
The road, passing across the Kremlin, leads to the bridge that connects Sophia and Trade sides as in the old times. Yaroslav’s Courtyard and St. Anthony Monastery are visible from eastern arch. Also you can see the bell tower of St. George Monastery when the weather is fine. From 41 meter observation tower, called Kokuy towerat the beginning of the XIX century, opens the view on all city and its neighbourhood. A landscape of south outskirts practically has not changed. Like a thousand of years ago the Volkhov begins its route from Lake Ilmen. Its channels wash numerous islands, covered with a tall grass. Holmgard or the land of islands as it was called by Varangians.
Today the Kremlin is the cultural and tourist centre. The main expositions of the Novgorod State United Museum are displayed here. Restoration workshops, the library, the philharmonic, college of arts, art and music schools are located in this place. The ensemble of the Kremlin buildings is original and picturesque. Due to these things your walk across the Kremlin will be nice and exciting.
Novgorod Television report. Excursion across the Novgorod Kremlin with Vladimir Varnayev: